Is this another planet? Armies of pinnacles, topped by precarious rock caps; surround by white hillocks which have been hollowed out by man over thousands of years into dwellings still in use today. Volcanic eruptions, wind and weather have joined forces over millenia to create a landscape dominated by bizarre tuff formations.
A 'Fairy chimney' geologically known as a 'hoodoo' is a conical rock formation consisting of a cone cap of hard rock (basalt) resting on a pinnacle of softer rock. The softer rock comprises a thick layer of tuff (consolidated volcanic ash). The top layer is more resistant to erosion than the underlying tuff.
Put simply, the ashes from several volcanic eruptions accumulated in the valleys and on the plains of Anatolia which created the tuff, sometimes known as tufa. This was covered with a layer of lava made of basalt. Over millions of years the basalt fractured and eroded due to rain and snow creating the cone shaped caps, sitting on top of the eroded pinnacles of tuff.
As a result of the volcanic deposits millions of years ago the surrounding plains are now extremely fertile. They are filled with vineyards and vast orchards of apricot trees.
11th century Byzantine Churches created out of the Tuff rock formations.
Wandering in and around this sculptural landscape created by nature millions of years ago, then inhabited and utilised by man over time immemorial, has made a lasting impression on us.